Passive Communication Examples
How to Deal With Passive Aggressive Behavior. The challenge is that the person can easily deny that they're. And finally, passive behaviour is sometimes quite irritating to other people. A type of behavior is way to group behaviors. Passive-aggressive communication is not a desired style for the workplace because passive-aggressive individuals aren't truthful about their feelings and opinions. The term concentrator is sometimes used when referring to a passive hub, and multiport repeater can be used to explain an active hub. And the dictionary definitions are often utterly inadequate (Webster's, for example, is simply hopeless on the grammatical sense of the word). These four communication styles are the basics of human to human verbal (and nonverbal) interactions. Aggressive communication is a method of expressing needs and desires that does not take in to account the welfare of others. If so, then you have used a passive communication style. You might have a passive communication style, or something else. It looks like you've lost connection to our server. The next infographic summarizes key communication skills and tips. In the example above, Maria may offer you advice on the Graphical User Interface because she has experience in the area of Human-Computer Interaction. Passive and Active Voices. We practiced passive learning and that was a great way for us to evolve because it allowed us freedom to think clearer. Note: passive aggressive is a type of communication and patter of behavior. Passive activities are not the same as passive learning! Most passive class activities can be summed up fairly well by three characteristics: Communication is one-way. Since passive aggression is motivated by a person’s belief that expressing anger directly will only make his/her life worse, the passive aggressive person uses phrases like ‘Fine” and “Whatever” to express anger indirectly and to shut down direct, emotional honest communication. Rewrites notes from lecture or text as originally written. Examples of when this form of communication is appropriate include; - When there is only one Zright [ way of doing something; for example when there is a law or a procedure that dictates that things must happen in a certain way. Use passive voice in any situation where you want to sound like an objective third party. Sit facing the client, open posture, lean toward the client, eye contact, and relax. The passive-aggressive husband defends against his spouse’s anger by deflecting, denying, and dismissive patterns. Therefore, you can start an anonymous platform for doing so. The best way to learn assertive behavior is through practice. This cloudy communication style is detrimental to any relationship. I will try to explain. Identifying aggressive behaviour. Examples of Passive Communication. Individuals who have a passive form of communication tend to speak softly, as if they are apologizing. Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder. reciprocal communication Communication is a two-way, reciprocal process. For example, a passive scanner can't detect an application that no one ever uses, and it can be fooled easily by a system intentionally spewing out misinformation and disinformation. How to write reports in plain English So a complete passive verb could be ‘will be done’, ‘has been formed’ or ‘was watched’. It is common practice for the avoider to accept additional work and responsibilities and give in to the ideas of others. states in Psychology Today that the “passive aggressive person uses phrases like 'Fine’ in order to express anger indirectly and to shut down direct, emotionally honest. a p assive output signal, only regulates the loop current level. A lot of people actually misuse "passive aggressive. Many people with social anxiety end up using passive communication. If one clause is in the passive voice, the other, too, should be in the passive voice. , “by the dog” in the last example above). Passive-aggressive communicators often use underhand and manipulative tactics to get what they want. Direct aggression C. Passive aggressive behavior is an act of rebellion and a desperate desire to keep the upper hand. The lack of women in the media is paralleled by the scarcity of women in charge of media. In English, Impersonal Passive is only possible with verbs of. Woody Allen is cited as an example of a passive communicator. Sharing Observations – Making observations by commenting on. Not speaking up, avoiding eye-contact, or difficulty taking a stand or making a decision are all passive forms. Passive-aggressive. Types of listening skills, why listening is important in the workplace, and examples of the listening skills employers look for when they hire employees. How to use passive-aggressive in a sentence. Communication Skills for Building Rapport During Contact Investigation Interviewing 3 Active Listening. Highlights notes and texts extensively on first reading. Passive Sensors. For Interactive communication, all stakeholders involved in the communication can respond to each other in real-time. The lack of women in the media is paralleled by the scarcity of women in charge of media. Example: he says - it is said. Passive listening is a one-way form of communication, wherein there is no exchange involved with the two parties. It's about letting people know your real thoughts and opinions, and being clear about what you want to do. Passive Communication. For example, it's ok to avoid a conflict with a co-worker if you know you are going to quit your job soon. The chart below gives some examples of the differences between passive, aggressive, and assertive behavior. One minute, he or she ignores you in the hallway. The book offers real-world examples and empowering, practical strategies for working with or when confronted with individuals who exhibit any of the five levels of passive aggressiveness. Assertive behavior, on the other hand, respects one’s own rights and the rights of others. "I" is hearing "it," the object of the sentence. a p assive output signal, only regulates the loop current level. Mary was struck by Harry Active. Examples of Passive Aggressive Behaviors 1. In the first half of 2017, flows out of active and into passive funds. Cutcliffe and McKenna, (2005, P3) suggested that concepts are ‘the building blocks of a theory’, Mcewan and Willis, (2007,. Aggressive communication includes one of the three main types of communication: passive communication , the assertive communication and aggressive communication. Replace passive-aggressive behavior with assertive behavior. Aggressive communication is a method of expressing needs and desires that does not take in to account the welfare of others. Example of Passive-Aggressive Communication. Active Learning A learning organization is a place where people are continually discovering how they create their reality. In passive strategies, you communicate in a way that protects the other person's interests at the expense of yours. The book offers real-world examples and empowering, practical strategies for working with or when confronted with individuals who exhibit any of the five levels of passive aggressiveness. Taylor was driving down Highway 101, he was pulled over and given a ticket by a police officer. A thorough discussion of passive users in face-to-face customer service encounters is discussed in Inbar and Tractinsky (2010). You are being indirect and not acknowledging that the other person's behaviors bother you. It is born of high self-esteem and is neither too passive and too aggressive. This is an example of an effective communication method. Assertiveness is the only style that allows both parties to. Conclusion. The order of a filter is usually equal to the total number of capacitors and inductors in the circuit. ) Hit me up with your favorite! Jun 18, 2014 #2. Compare the following: It may be said that the commitment to some of the social and economic concepts was less strong than it is now. In a passive sentence, the person or thing acted on comes first, and the actor is added at the end, introduced with the preposition “by. Passive-aggressive behavior is a deliberate and masked way of expressing feelings of anger (Long, Long & Whitson, 2017). Passive and Active Voices. It is difficult to exclude passive voice without being able to recognize it. Submissive. The order of a filter is the highest power of the variable s in its transfer function. The table includes examples of tense shift for the passive in English. Named for the fact that it contains both passive and aggressive behavior, passive aggression is communication or behavior that seems neutral or even charitable but that has a subtle underpinning. Active and passive voice are both perfectly legitimate means of constructing a sentence. It is common practice for the avoider to accept additional work and responsibilities and give in to the ideas of others. It is the most effective communication style. "It would be great if they could be more direct, but they are addressing issues the best way they know how. Passive aggression is the indirect expression of anger by someone who is uncomfortable or unable to express his or her anger or hurt feelings honestly and openly. In some cases, the passive-aggressive man will do both. The online self-test covers the main signs of the behavioral disturbance. The next infographic summarizes key communication skills and tips. When I Say No, I Feel Guilty: How to Cope, Using the Skills of Systematic Assertive Therapy. The receptive skills are listening and reading, because learners do not need to produce language to do these, they receive and understand it. Passive-aggressiveness is the opposite of genuine, honest and assertive communication and is a coping strategy for when people desperately attempt to maintain the reins of their emotions as they may have been punished or rejected in the past for speaking out about how they feel. How this shows up in communication is being "assertively unassertive. Individuals who have a passive form of communication tend to speak softly, as if they are apologizing. Demonstrated courage in leadership by standing up for what is right under austere circumstances. ?” Like any other skill, assertiveness can be developed with practice. Nonverbal communication is one of the most important tools we can use to communicate how we feel. A satellite that reflects communications signals between stations, without providing amplification; an example is the Echo satellite. 7 Examples of Passive Voice (And How To Fix Them) By Mark Nichol The sentence construction "(noun) (verb phrase) by (noun)" is known as passive voice or passive construction, because the true subject is relegated to the end of the sentence and is thus acted on, rather than acting, which often weakens the statement. we witness and understand a great deal of our world through mass communication. English Using Passive Voice with Modals, Definition and Examples In construction of appropriate sentences, many times we’re wrong because we can not find the right word. states in Psychology Today that the "passive aggressive person uses phrases like 'Fine' in order to express anger indirectly and to shut down direct, emotionally honest. When this is the case, encourage them to develop the skills and confidence to speak to others directly. Passive aggressive – ESL adult conversation and debate power-point lesson "Passive aggressive" is an adult power point conversation lesson. • Applicants will only be accepted if proof of purchase is enclosed. Healthy communication plays an important part in making your workplace not only effective but also a pleasant place to be. The passive learning style can be regarded as a hobby or more for fun as it is not the optimal learning style. Supportive communication examples can come from you. Aggressive vs Assertive Communication: The Secret Behind Effective Leaders Communication There are many factors that play a role in leading groups to solutions (which can also be defined as achieving success), but how a leader communicates with his or her group is an especially pertinent one. Unfortunately, the avoider is often burdened with resentments and frustrations. Every communication is an opportunity to add. It is common practice for the avoider to accept additional work and responsibilities and give in to the ideas of others. COMPARISON BETWEEN ASSERTIVE, PASSIVE, AGGRESSIVE TYPE OF COMMUNICATION deal with issues? look at conflict? approach others? feel about self?. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The above are merely examples. The "get"-passive construction has become increasingly popular. It is neither helpful nor respectful to your professional contribution to be passive or aggressive. I don't see how those things are opposite at all, and both are components of dealing effectively with passive aggressive behavior. Passive Activities. If they use passive or aggressive styles, ask them how they might be able to change their style to be more assertive. a form of online passive communication This is an example of what type of communication method?. There are four basic communication styles: passive, aggressive, passive-aggressive and assertive. An active example is "I caught the ball. Many relationships begin to suffer due to frequent miscommunication and passive aggressive behavior. Before starting your communication intervention Think of the outcome you want to see for your communication Ask yourself what is the single overarching communication outcome you want to achieve Map out your audiences on the basis of the audience analysis matrix Your communication strategy should –Actively engage with champions. Here are a few examples of passive communication. Knowledge of what may influence patients' participation is thus of. If the writer or readers do not know the actor of the sentence, active voice might compromise clarity. , “by the dog” in the last example above). "I" is hearing "it," the object of the sentence. The more extreme voltages of an RS-232 signal help to make it less susceptible to noise, interference, and degradation. Passive Style of Communication The passive style of communication is exactly the opposite of aggressive style of communication. Assertiveness is the ability to speak up for yourself in a way that is honest and respectful. I come to the Writing Center twice a week to get a jump start on essays so that I am not cramming at the last minute. Passive communication is usually born of low self-esteem. The WCC @ MIT (the Writing and Communication Center), located in Building E18, Room 233, offers free professional advice to MIT undergraduate students, graduate students, post-docs, faculty, lecturers, staff members, spouses, alums, visiting scientists and scholars. passive-aggressive definition: The definition of passive aggressive is behavior that is exhibited by a person who is dissatisfied, uncooperative or unhappy but who doesn't want to be overtly mean or rude. CAN standards. Passive Communication. Some other examples of areas where passive users are important include aviation, education, and healthcare. PASSIVE COMMUNICATION is a style in which individuals have developed a pattern of avoiding expressing their opinions or feelings, protecting their rights, and identifying and meeting their needs. Usually, they are not considered fit to provide judgments or opinions. Being assertive takes practice. In the following example, the writer achieves a greater emphasis on poor people -- rather than the legislature -- by using the passive voice. This is really damaging and straining our relationship. Husnain Javed M. Circle the right answer for each question. The Passive, Aggressive, and Assertive Communication worksheet gives an overview of each communication style, along with tips to help your clients recognize each one. The form of the passive in tenses other than simple present and simple past combines the required form for the tenses with the required form for passive: Present Progressive (BE + -ing verb for present progressive, BE + past participle for passive):. COMPARISON BETWEEN ASSERTIVE, PASSIVE, AGGRESSIVE TYPE OF COMMUNICATION deal with issues? look at conflict? approach others? feel about self?. 80), a linux box running the standard FTP command line client,. They also tend to fidget and avoid eye contact. Uses only one approach to studying, i. The wordiness of the passive voice contributes to its lack of clarity, but the biggest problem with the passive voice is that the subject of the sentence can be left out, as in the last example. With the above Passive Aggressive definition in mind, here are some common examples of how a PA person in a relationship may behave. Passive: Passive communication involves not expressing one's own thoughts or feelings and putting their needs last in an attempt to keep others happy. These skills are sometimes known as passive skills. 2) Which of these is a communication skill? A) talking at the same time as someone else B) listening to what people say C) putting your fingers in your ears. For example, the assertive communication style has been found to be most effective, because it incorporates the best aspects. Supervised role play gives your child a chance to try out different roles and styles of communication in a safe environment 2. Passive voice makes the writing unclear by keeping the identity of the actor secret. For example, there are passives that use the linking verb “get,” as in “Shelby got caught. The second form of communication commonly seen is a passive form. But, deep at heart, passive-aggressives are craven. The order of a filter is usually equal to the total number of capacitors and inductors in the circuit. So, these are some of the reasons to avoid passive voice: the form can lead to awkward sentences and obscured meaning. Passive-aggressive communication is not a desired style for the workplace because passive-aggressive individuals aren't truthful about their feelings and opinions. Some organizational and national cultures prefer people to be passive, and may view assertive behavior as rude or even offensive. As a result, pass ive individuals do not respond overtly to hurtful or anger -inducing situations. Step #2 – Find your “pass the salt” voice. Another example of passive-aggressive behavior in this category, says counselor Michael Diettrich-Chastain, is when "it's your day to go on a coffee run for work and you ask everyone in the. states in Psychology Today that the “passive aggressive person uses phrases like 'Fine’ in order to express anger indirectly and to shut down direct, emotionally honest. Verbal communication is the act of sharing information between individuals by the use of speech. Assertive Communication. Passive communication places one’s own needs and desires below those of others. And finally, passive behaviour is sometimes quite irritating to other people. People with passive-aggressive behavior express their negative feelings subtly through their actions instead of handling them directly. When I Say No, I Feel Guilty: How to Cope, Using the Skills of Systematic Assertive Therapy. Get examples. If they use passive or aggressive styles, ask them how they might be able to change their style to be more assertive. The king was cheered by the people Active. If you would like help in identifying how you can become more assertive please get in touch. Reviewing examples of active and passive voice will make it easier to understand the difference. According to experts, a significant percentage of human communication is nonverbal or unintentional. When you communicate passively, you may be keeping your own needs and desires inside to avoid conflict with others. In the recruitment space, we're constantly hearing about active versus passive candidates and, to complicate things further, passive candidates aren’t always totally passive. The key to having effective communication is clear communication and timely communication. Monitoring Your Communication Style Managers engage in a number of different communication styles with workers. Start with our list of 101 public relations examples, strategies, and tips. *Lots of Examples of Active to Passive Voice Change. -Defends the trust and relationship between leadership and subordinates by standing up for what is just. How to use passive in a sentence. However, that definition overlooks less-typical examples of passive voice. Therefore, you can start an anonymous platform for doing so. Active vs passive social media. It’s a double-edged sword whose sides aren’t properly distinguished. If passive aggressive communication is your primary style for dealing with others, realize that this is the least productive of any communication style. You might have a passive communication style, or something else. Communication is the process of transmitting information and common understanding from one person to another. For example, if you are feeling fearful that you are about to be harmed, passive communication may help to defuse the situation and aggressive communication might prevent the problem from getting worse. Three Types of Communication. Assertiveness is the ability to speak up for yourself in a way that is honest and respectful. Publication or broadcast 5 4. Passive communication places one's own needs and desires below those of others. Passive listeners on the other hand hear what is being said without necessarily retaining information. It looks like you've lost connection to our server. So if the sentence is “The door must not be left open,” it’s passive voice because the subject (the door) is not being left open. This is why a passive individual may not tell his boss that a co-worker didn't pull her weight on a company project. ” ♦“WhateveryouthinkWhatever you think. Nonverbal communication is one of the most important tools we can use to communicate how we feel. Having a passive-aggressive colleague is no fun and can even be detrimental to your career. active communication c. What is Passive Voice? What does passive voice mean? The passive writing voice occurs when something that is ordinarily "done by" the subject of a sentence is "done by" the object of a sentence. The passive aggressive man or woman’s behavior cycles between hostility and withdrawal. Passive-aggressive communication also relies upon the subtle use of facial expressions and body language like pouting or smiling when in fact they are angry inside. It’s time to learn to handle such behavior and not lose your cool. A harmful communication style, aggressive communication can end up worsening social anxiety by making others view you more harshly. Assertive aggression Questions from class lecture: Lecture of 10-15-97: Listening When using the technique of paraphrasing you should A. We hear a lot about the importance of empathy in the workplace, and this situation is a prime example of where it can be a huge advantage. audio and video recording of interviews and group discussions 5 4. Passive Activities. Passive Sensors. It is important to understand the different communication styles to. Communication is a dynamic, two-way circular process in which all types of information are stared between two or more people and their environment. Assertive communication style. Weaver's Model of Communication and its Implications Richard B. Phrase everything in a way that doesn’t assault their view of reality. To learn more about the difference between active and passive listening check out the communication. There are four basic communication styles: passive, aggressive, passive-aggressive and assertive. Any ideas about how to practise the passive (all tenses) in a conversation class? The students (30 energetic Italian pupils aged 15) have studied the passive forms with their usual English teacher. Passive aggression is when the behaviour is more persistent and repeats periodically, where there are ongoing patterns of negative attitudes and passive resistance in personal relationships or work situations. A feedback could be non-verbal. Examples of Passive-Aggressive Communication ♦"Sure, ddbh ihdoctor. It can begin as early as the pre-school years, when children learn that. Active adjectives are generally those ending in –ing and passive are those ending in –ed. One style of communication is the passive approach. And while getting rid of the passive voice is a challenge that teachers to native speakers face, ESL teachers have an opposite challenge – teach students how to recognize and use the passive voice. Some examples of interactive communication include face-to-face meetings, video conferencing, phone calls, and messenger chats. communication in which agreement and interpersonal bonding was the goal. Part of the series: Therapy Tips. This is a Psychology Tools information handout. An example of this is when we fade out of a conversation because we either become distracted. Passive communication and behavior involves allowing your own rights to be violated by failing to express honest feelings, thoughts, and beliefs, or by expressing your thoughts and feelings in an apologetic manner that others can easily disregard. However, some publications, institutions, and instructors prefer the exclusive use of active voice. The Passive Personality – Path of Least Resistance Passives experience fear and when they are afraid, they become paralyzed and stop taking action or making good decisions. This example shows how to mitigate communication delays in a passive control system. PASSIVE COMMUNICATION is a style in which individuals have developed a pattern of avoiding expressing their opinions or feelings, protecting their rights, and identifying and meeting their needs. A passive sensor is a microwave instrument designed to receive and to measure natural emissions produced by constituents of the Earth's surface and its atmosphere. For example: Passive: My book is being read by an editor. passive synonyms, passive pronunciation, passive translation, English dictionary definition of passive. People with passive-aggressive behavior express their negative feelings subtly through their actions instead of handling them directly. Susan Heitler, PhD and GoodTherapy. Aggressive vs Assertive Communication: The Secret Behind Effective Leaders Communication There are many factors that play a role in leading groups to solutions (which can also be defined as achieving success), but how a leader communicates with his or her group is an especially pertinent one. These are often perceived as threatening and play an important role in expressing the attitude of the aggressive communicator. What does passive voice mean? Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word passive voice. For example, a person in the unintentional passive stage would show awareness of sounds and voices. I think Ned Kelly relied on his Irish heritage to gain local sympathy. examples of passive data collection 2 3. Passive communication can be damaging to your self-esteem, and also to relationships. Every communication is an opportunity to add. The focus of this survey was the three basic communication styles. Passive-aggressive behavior is a deliberate and masked way of expressing feelings of anger (Long, Long & Whitson, 2017). Note: passive aggressive is a type of communication and patter of behavior. Passive voice occurs when the person or thing performing the action in a sentence is the object rather than the subject. ' You will be able to identify such individuals in your discussions because they are the ones who use their body language or tone of voice to gain control over people or situations. This is another example of the damaged self-confidence of a passive-aggressive. The only thing that makes it worse is if that person is your boss. Passive-aggressive definition is - being, marked by, or displaying behavior characterized by the expression of negative feelings, resentment, and aggression in an unassertive passive way (as through procrastination and stubbornness). We hear a lot about the importance of empathy in the workplace, and this situation is a prime example of where it can be a huge advantage. What is passive-aggressive behavior? A common but destructive communication approach Passive aggressive communication is the term used to describe communication and behavior that is a) indirect and b) contains messages that are driven by negative emotions, maliciousness or are otherwise intended to attack someone. For example, he tries the strategy of emphasizing their similarities by demonstrating that he, like Lucy, is interested in making little houses out of waffles (she is unimpressed and rejects him). Passivity-Based Control By the Passivity Theorem, the negative-feedback interconnection of two strictly passive systems and is always stable. Few people have perfect communication skills that they implement 100% of the time, and many people could brush up on their assertiveness communication skills. or move it to a position after the verb Example of passive voice with the subject: The report will be presented by the group next week. What is passive aggressive communication? Passive-aggressive communication, simply put, is indirect communication. In an effort not to be singled out, he or she is unlikely to do an exceptional job in the workplace. For example, a person communicating indirectly might say:. The returns from the copper fields in the state are at present a little over half a million sterling per annum, and would be still greater if it were not for the lack of suitable fuel for smelting purposes, which renders the economical treatment of the ore difficult; the development of the mines is also retarded by the want of easy and cheaper communication with the coast. Then there is the least effective response which is passive and destructive - "Okay. Self Help Books. Developing Active Listening Skills. Passive-aggressive definition: of or relating to a personality that harbours aggressive emotions while behaving in a | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Log In Dictionary. The “figure-ground” experience illustrates this (example – the vase OR two faces picture) 2. The term concentrator is sometimes used when referring to a passive hub, and multiport repeater can be used to explain an active hub. A little more than a third of all assets in the U. Watching others’ body language can give us signals as to how. In this type of grammatical syntax, the subject of the sentence is the person, place, or thing that receives the action-normally the object. communication in which agreement and interpersonal bonding was the goal. When we interact with others on a regular basis, we tend to adopt aggressive or passive stances. Communication is a challenge to many people. Example 15: Community Promotion, Prevention and Education for Cardiovascular Health in Tala, Uruguay We would like to thank the following individuals who assisted in the preparation of this case study: Adriana Serra, Elena Garcia Martinez, Maria Isabel Ressio Charvet, Mariana Perera, Mario Gonzalez, Rosana Díaz Rus. passive voice. Seeks to help reduce cancer incidence and mortality in Native Americans. Main Difference. Assertive communication style. Passive communicators are those who allow things to happen or things to be said that make them feel uncomfortable. For example, “I will continue this discussion when we both agree not to name call. Active Form. abuse anxiety assertiveness attachment boundaries bullying child abuse children climbing communication coping counseling counseling sacramento dating depression divorce EMDR emotional eating faith feelings friendships happiness intimacy loneliness love marriage mental health mental illness mindfulness mood panic attacks parenting PTSD. IEP Goals Examples. You desperately hope that they will approve of your thoughts, opinions and, choices. Has NO schedule. A person who uses passive-aggressive communication style has the uncanny ability to somehow be the victim. Here are 12 ways our passive-aggressiveness is slowly killing our relationships. Individual communication styles and behaviors can greatly impact the message, so most people realize that they may have to adapt their personal style during critical conversations. Passive-aggressive men are also angry that this woman has the NERVE to express her wants and desires, while he is left with a self-imposed gag of silence and suffering. According to experts, a significant percentage of human communication is nonverbal or unintentional. English Grammar Lesson – Active vs. The passive learning style can be regarded as a hobby or more for fun as it is not the optimal learning style. They are important to help you start statements that explain your responsibilities and accomplishments. Passive definition, not reacting visibly to something that might be expected to produce manifestations of an emotion or feeling. If you use a passive communication style, others are more likely to ignore your needs, which may leave you feeling hurt or even angry with them for not treating you better. Usually, they are not considered fit to provide judgments or opinions. Monitoring Your Communication Style Managers engage in a number of different communication styles with workers. Communication is the process of transmitting information and common understanding from one person to another. View the answer now. This is an example: Call the client about meeting on Thursday. Interpersonal communication is so important in so many aspects of everyday life. Increase assertive requesting skills. Having a passive-aggressive colleague is no fun and can even be detrimental to your career. ” The passive form of the verb is signaled by a form of “to be”: in the sentence above, “was formulated” is in passive voice while “formulated” is in active. A little more than a third of all assets in the U. These styles are called passive, aggressive and assertive. Tapping into the right communication style- assertive, aggressive, passive, passive-aggressive- at the right moment can help you create positive relationship interactions. To put you on your guard, here's a list of passive-aggressive email phrases and what they're really saying.